Macroscopic haematuria is a condition characterized by the presence of blood in urine that is visible without a microscope. People above 50 years old with macroscopic haematuria are at higher risk of having a urological malignancy. People with macroscopic haematuria have urine that is red, or brown due to the presence of red blood cells (RBCs). Most people with macroscopic haematuria do not have other symptoms, but may have pain due to presence of blood clots in the urine. There are various possible causes that may be involved for the development of macroscopic haematuria. The common causes are:
Discoloration of the urine is not always due to bleeding; the other possible causes are as follow:
As macroscopic haematuria indicates higher prevalence of malignancy, patients should be further evaluated for suspected urological disease as the cause of macroscopic haematuria. The diagnostic techniques commonly used are:
The treatment of macroscopic haematuria depends on the underlying cause. Macroscopic haematuria can be caused by a variety of conditions. Therefore, if you ever see blood in your urine, you should contact your urologist immediately.